Managing Periodontitis and Gingivitis


Periodontitis and gingivitis are common gum diseases that can affect oral health significantly. Understanding their causes, treatments, and prevention methods is crucial for maintaining healthy gums and teeth.


Gingivitis: The Early Stage of Gum Disease

  1. Causes:

    • Plaque Buildup: The primary cause is the accumulation of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria on teeth.
    • Poor Oral Hygiene: Inadequate brushing and flossing contribute significantly.
    • Other Factors: Smoking, hormonal changes, certain medications, and diabetes.
  2. Symptoms:

    • Red, swollen gums.
    • Bleeding gums during brushing or flossing.
    • Bad breath.
  3. Treatment:

    • Professional Cleaning: Removal of plaque and tartar by a dentist.
    • Improved Oral Hygiene: Regular brushing and flossing.
    • Lifestyle Changes: Quitting smoking, managing diabetes.
  4. Prevention:

    • Maintain good oral hygiene.
    • Regular dental check-ups.
    • Balanced diet and avoiding tobacco.


Periodontitis: A More Severe Gum Disease

  1. Causes:

    • Progression from untreated gingivitis.
    • Genetic factors.
    • Certain systemic diseases like heart disease and rheumatoid arthritis.
  2. Symptoms:

    • Gums pulling away from teeth, forming pockets.
    • Pus between teeth and gums.
    • Loose teeth or changes in bite.
  3. Treatment:

    • Scaling and Root Planing: Deep cleaning of the root surfaces to remove plaque and tartar.
    • Medications: Antibacterial mouth rinses, antibiotic gels, or oral antibiotics.
    • Surgery: Flap surgery or bone and tissue grafts in severe cases.
  4. Prevention:

    • Similar to gingivitis: excellent oral hygiene, regular dental visits.
    • Managing systemic health conditions.



The journey to preventing periodontitis and gingivitis is anchored in diligent oral hygiene and regular dental evaluations. Recognizing and addressing gingivitis early is pivotal in halting its escalation to periodontitis. Ignoring treatment can lead to grave consequences, including tooth loss, increased risk of systemic infections, and in individuals with diabetes, poorer metabolic control of sugars, potentially leading to heightened blood sugar levels.

Education on the impacts of these oral health conditions is vital, and proactive measures are essential. A healthy mouth contributes significantly to your systemic well-being. Drs. William and Pat Parr bring a wealth of knowledge and experience to the table, providing personalized care plans to address your unique oral health needs. With their guidance, patients can navigate the complexities of periodontal health, ensuring they receive not just treatment but also education on maintaining a healthy mouth as a foundation for overall health.